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EVOKATION on Livelihood Security-Final

[Given below is only brief final EVOKATION after incorporating the feedbacks (I could not post the full version because of character limit perhaps). Detailed final EVOKATION may be seen at: EVOKATION on Livelihood Security.pdf]

Title of EVOKATION

Development of small orchard model for livelihood security--by Pradip Dey

Summary of EVOKATION

This Evokation consists of a fruit based multitier model, focusing on livelihood generation for disadvantaged and underserved populations primarily consisting of tribal communities. It will help break the vicious cycle of poverty and migration due to subsistence agriculture with rice monocropping and poor yield (popularly called one ton agriculture). Successful implementation of the EVOKATION will generate livelihood in the village itself round the year and hence migration will be stopped. Participating farmers will learn specific skills and establish holistic and sustainable solutions to prioritized challenges for different landscape.

* Country of implementation: Jharkhand, India.

* Area of action: Can be upscaled to anywhere in the world with minor modification.

Place of work

Rajaulatu and Sonahatu villages, Jharkhand state, India.

Background of EVOKATION area

Rajaulatu and Sonahatu villages are primarily inhabited by tribal (indigenous people) in Ranchi district of Jharkhand State. The area is endowed with a climatic condition that is conducive for successful cultivation of a diversity of horticultural crops. The wide product base, high volume of round the year production, strategic geographical location, high domestic demand, abundant sunlight and easy availability of labor at comparatively low cost make it an attractive place for investments in horticulture. The horticultural produce from the state especially fruits and vegetable have clinched a niche in the neighboring states for their quality and time of availability. The state produces about 3.39 million metric tonnes of different vegetables per annum with a surplus of more than 1 million metric tonnes. However, the present area under horticultural crops is little over 0.1 million hectare which constitute only 4.5% of total up land and medium land. The area under floriculture is meager. There lies immense scope for increase in production of different horticultural crops through area expansion and improving productivity.

Problem identification

From my own experience during my over eight years of stay in Jharkhand, I have seen the following vicious cycle which is the root of problem identification and my resolve to do something with this problem in the first opportunity:

Most of the fields are monocropped usually with upland rice with very poor productivity (less than one ton) and we call it 1t agriculture (one tone agriculture). This has created vicious cycle of selling a portion of rice and keeping another portion for household consumption. The money earned from the sale of portion is used for purchase of goat, chicken etc. After few months when the saved household portion of rice gets exhausted, the goat and hen/cocks are sold to meet household consumption. When those also get exhausted then they migrated to nearby town for working as labourer.

Strategy

EVOKATION will be done in a pilot scale in Rajaulatu and Sonahatu village of Jharkhand state, India in one acre each with following objectives:

Short term objective:

To improve livelihood security and check migration from village through round the year income generation from small orchard model.

Long term objective:

To provide a development model for Eastern Indian Plateau with the scope for up-scaling throughout the developing world.

The proposed model

We envisage small orchard with 1acre area which will help in generating round the year engagement for farmers, thereby checks migration besides generating income round the year. The outer boundary of the orchard will be live fenced by Jatropha followed by inner row with Sarifa+Agave. After live fence, one row of Moringa (Sahajan) at 2.5 x 2.5 m spacing will be planted. This will be followed by mixed plantation of Papaya at 2.5 x 2.5m and lemon at 5 x 5 m. Interspaces to be used by arhar (Pigeon pea)/kulthi (Horse gram)/Vegetables (Cowpea/French bean/dhania Tomato/Chili).

Steps to make the EVOKATION a success

The EVOKATION will be run through development of farmers self help groups in a participatory mode with maintenance and supervision by local farmers entirely, with support from Online Universal (an NGO founded by my wife and has agreed to take up the project). I along with team members of Online Universal will focus on coordination and capacity-building. Proper representation of women in the project will be ensured through Online Universal.

Factors that may prevent the success of EVOKATION and ways to counter the same

Cattle grazing just after rice is harvested (villagers leave their cattle for open grazing) is a menace to have year round cultivation. Social fencing is the best fencing and we will enter in public commitment for this. Natural disaster, political instability or inter-village rivalry could prevent the successful expansion of this EVOKATION. We will go for crop insurance to counter these.


Impact and expected results of these actions over the next three years

Impact (short term)

· Food security achieved.

· Income generation improved.

· Poverty alleviation achieved.

· Sustainable development achieved.

· Gender issues addressed and women involved in economic activityand decision making.

Impact (Long term)

The long-term goal of the EVOKATION is to provide a development model for Eastern Indian Plateau. Additionally, the model can be up-scaled for use throughout the developing world.

Social impact of EVOKATION

Successful implementation of the EVOKATION will generate livelihood in the village itself round the year and hence migration will be stopped.

Expected income from model components (for three years only shown)

Head

Year-I

Year-II

Year-III

Good management

Average management

Good management

Average management

Good management

Average management

Papaya

9000.00

4500.00

9000.00

4500.00

9000.00

4500.00

Lemon

-

-

500

250

5000.00

4000.00

Moringa

3000.00

2000.00

3000.00

2000.00

3000.00

2000.00

Sarifa

-

-

-

-

1000.00

500.00

Vegetable

10000.00

8000.00

11000.00

9000.00

12000.00

10000.00

Income from Jatropha will come after three years.

*After successful pilot scale EVOKATION, some of the farmers may opt for guava as an alternative to lemon; costing will be same; return will be from 2nd year.

Partnership

EVOKATION will have non-monetary partnerships with Online Universal. Water crisis in the summer months will be tackled through participatory irrigation management will also be promoted through benefit sharing mode.

The $1000 expenditure model

During the pilot phase of EVOKATION, the $1000 that will be received will be used for funding some portion for model development and the other portion, especially labour component will be sourced from NAREGA (Govt. of India scheme for National Rural Employment Guarantee Act). Another portion of EVOKATION fund will be used to purchase a laptop and for travel. The overall financial obligation of this EVOKATION is that the system pays for itself over time and that it will be self-sustaining. I expect that up-scaling will ultimately occur by diffusion of the technology and financing through NAREGA. read more ↓

Involvement of women

The EVOKATION was conceived for engaging women in monetory activity and hence, I believe it will help in women empowerment with time. Many phase of the model will be implemented, operated and maintained by women. Provision will be made for engagement of women in decision making and monitoring and evaluation of EVOKATION.

[Detailed final EVOKATION may be seen at: EVOKATION on Livelihood Security.pdf]

Views: 39

Comment by Pradip Dey on May 20, 2010 at 5:59am
Good day, Bridgel! Thank you for encouragement with +1Resourcefulness to my EVOKATION on Livelihood Security-Final.
http://www.urgentevoke.com/profiles/blogs/evokation-on-livelihood-1
Thank you once again.
With regards,
Pradip Dey
Comment by Pradip Dey on May 28, 2010 at 6:06am
Good day, Jeremy! Thank you for encouragement with +1ENTREPRENEURSHIP to my EVOKATION on Livelihood Security-Final.
http://www.urgentevoke.com/profiles/blogs/evokation-on-livelihood-1
Thank you once again.
With regards,
Pradip Dey

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