Urgent Evoke

A crash course in changing the world.

Developing countries face the greatest challenge from food insecurity. Simplistic approach to prevent a food crisis could be growing your own veggies on your balcony or roof top. Great idea. It can help no doubt. Only if you have the time. As a person you may do so. But as a nation, you can't do so. Let's get realistic. There is no room for naivety when there is a clear and present danger of food security ballooning out of proportion in Africa - notorious for dictators, religious extremism, violence, large scale institutional corruption and lack of trust frameworks which is pulling Africa towards becoming a bankrupt continent mired in the most acute political crisis of leadership to steer the continent in a clear path of development and growth.

But if we could for a moment pause and think about the interconnected nature of globalization, then we can fathom what an absence of free market can do to complicate things even further if we are not prepared to trade in agricultural commodities that Africa is selling to the world. Any such actions of the developed world will perhaps cause more damage to the fragile African countries in particular and developing countires to certain extent as well. It is worthwhile to think how could we eat our own cake and aspire to have it too?

Trade is perhaps the only way to bring record budget deficits, poor balance of payments and high interest payments that have mired most African states out of their economic disaster. The reality is market based methods are seldom fully accurate but effective nonetheless. A similar analogy could be democracy - on any given day, democracy is always better than communism or socialism....we don't need a debate in that. We have seen the results the world over.

So what can we really do?


Wat does most poor countries in Africa trade?

It is mostly raw materials, agricultural stuff...

To whom?

Mostly to the EU, Australia & the United States. now we need to ask why?

In economics, it is explained by the term: comparative advantage

To understand the interconnectedness of individual currencies with comparative advantage, one may need to brush up a bit of economics studies: may be you could try it here to understand comparative advantage first. And once you do or if seeing makes it easier than reading, try the two simple videos below as well:
  • comparative advantage and gains from trade part 1
  • comparative advantage and gains from trade part 2
In defense of globalization, Prof Jagdish Bhagwati has put forward realistic viewpoints. the only way we can evade a food crisis is not a single solution but an array of activities both at the supply side and the demand side of the equation.

How African political leadership mismanaged their economy causing severe economic hardships for their own citizens should not be overlooked. Nobel Laureate Prof Amartya Sen's Poverty and famines: an essay on entitlement and deprivation (1981) provides compelling reasons to show that the 1943 Great Famines of Bengal were man made rather than emanating from food shortages.

Cormac O'Grada from Princeton University looked at markets and famines in pre-Industrial Europe further elaborated on Adam Smith and Amartya Sen's understanding of famines. Even if we look at India (pre Independence) in the thirties and the forties, the story was nothing different than what we see in Africa today. After Independence, India did not have any major famine while in pre-Independence era (British rule), there were as many as 25 major famines. If we look at Africa, causes of famines, hunger, crop yield and malnutrition are are linked to the non existent nature of any functional democracy in Africa (except South Africa).

Africa and its troubles are not going to go in one shot. The only way is to start a consciousness among the African people in that continent to choose their leaders judiciously who are pro-development, pro-trade and non violent...if African people can shun their guns and try whatever way they can to focus their lives on the ethos of non violence while at the same time heavily focus on building an infrastructure where non food manufacturing can start, grow and thrive, they can reduce their importations of non food commodities and reduce their compulsion to export food items when their own countrymen go to bed without dinner. It is important to understand the interconnectedness of exports and imports to make sense of the fiscal responsibilities that governments have to meet their debt payment obligations and how wrong policy directions at a macro level can never ever be contained through micro adjustments.

Africa's two vital trading partners - EU and US are now in deep trouble themselves and their domestic priorities are dictating higher tariffs, more stringent regulatory embargoes for all importations (read: agricultural produce from Africa).....even US has a record budget deficit and has political compulsions to protect their own farmers.

The way I see it, Africa should invest in education and create an environment where you can do business and thrive. Only that can change things for Africa. Methods that are relevant for EU and US to deal with recession and food security may not be always relevant for Africa.

You don't have to grow crops to evade food security as long as you have the money to buy it from else where. The problem with Africa is that it has no money at all for anything and the contagion effect from lack of liquidity in the market system means nobody has any money to fund any kind of innovation especially when the basics are not being funded at all.

It has compulsions to export agricultural goods causing domestic food inflation and if we (which is the rest of the world) even stops buying whatever African countries are exporting, they will gather more deficits and their debt service payment obligations could not be met...leading to disaster, collapse and anarchy....so it is important to realize what liberates the oppressed and enriches the poor more than any other mechanism is free market economics based approaches complemented by large scale government interventions to empower trade and commerce and facilitate capital to flow in uninterrupted...poor people dying from food security will save themselves if their political leadership unlike Zimbabwe's Mugabe understands the importance of minorities, free trade, secular social frameworks, non violence, rule of law and the interconnectedness of everything around global trade and political stability that should liberates us all. Or else one stands with a begging bowl and keep asking....rich donor countries won't give it for free...often institutional charities, foreign government grants and loans from multilateral agencies are strategic in nature and are often intended to induce uncompetitive layers that weakens domestic businesses (knowingly and unknowingly) rather than strengthen a recipient country from what we have seen historically over the last six decades. Recipient aid countries desperate to meet minimum budgetary spending are compelled to provide concessions to rich donor countries to have a free run that ultimately destroys innovation, local businesses and the backbone to stand up again. This game of donor induced uncompetitiveness has been the single biggest reason why human capital from under developed countries have either flocked to greener pastures (brain drain) or simply gravitated towards multi-national companies at the expense of local, smart yet resource poor small businesses. There can be no innovation without smart thinking. So smart educated people can and certainly will dictate how certain countries will go ahead and most will lag behind.

So my approach is to create a movement that can awaken the people of Africa to be inspired to seek a non violent framework to evaluate their political leaders, engage the world to better their education, negotiate with EU and US to provide concessions to make mobility of their human capital easier, bring in capital tied to local partnership model or public private partnership models to create momentum for critical infrastructure development and create market conditions for trade of non food items so that food can be consumed domestically.

Exports of essential food items should be phased out with zero import duties in imports of food grains can make some difference. What external charity can solve in Africa is fairly limited at this stage. Africa has to help Africa realistically. There can be no short cuts. Governments in Africa have no independent foreign policies and therefore quite vulnerable at this stage. The macro fundamentals of Africa are in shambles. And to fix that, micro adjustments can help to only a certain extent....i would first start to think how to evoke business to come to Africa before anything else.

There is an interesting article that critiques subsidies in rich nations which is worth reading to gather a somewhat different perspective to free market trade. Well, at the end of the day, you can't simply sell your stuff if you are not ready to buy some. That brings us to an interesting new direction: has the global financial crisis in some way turned even those earlier shouting from their roof tops about globalization suddenly hiding under increasing protectionism seeing that their party is over....??

Well, you can't have your cake and eat it too....i reckon we will be much better off with free movement of goods and services (read: people)....and that is called globalization....mobility of people is as important for services if not more than mobility of goods...the issue of food security will not disappear in a vacuum unless we address interconnected issues all linked with consumption, affordability, comparative advantage, free trade and stability....and generosity to understand that we can't help others by giving only grants....there is a renewed need to evoke context and character for RECIPROCITY.

"the frog does not drink up the pond in which it lives"

Views: 47

Comment by Ayala Sherbow on March 15, 2010 at 5:16pm
wow. a lot of critical thinking and analysis went into this post. do you have any thoughts about on the ground ngos and infrastructures that are working to bring these changes to africa that we might support?
Comment by Rahul Dewanjee on March 15, 2010 at 10:56pm
You may take the opportunity to pause and scrutinise the activities of the following organisations that are working towards a common goal for functional democracy in Africa:
Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU)
Zimbabwe Human Rights Association (Zimrights)
National Constitutional Assembly (NCA)
Women of Zimbabwe Arise (WOZA)
Zimbabwe National Students Union (ZINASU)
Comment by Rahul Dewanjee on March 15, 2010 at 11:35pm
You are welcome Michelle. Cheers :)
Comment by Linda Holt on March 16, 2010 at 12:20am
Rahul, you said "It is important to understand the interconnectedness of exports and imports to make sense of the fiscal responsibilities that governments have to meet their debt payment obligations and how wrong policy directions at a macro level can never ever be contained through micro adjustments." You said a world of hurt and truth in this sentence. I thnk your vision for a non-violent, united effort to begin a new conversation is powerful and even imperative. I also believe that we can use our voice to join others who are already taking a stand for Africa and other impoverished countries and call for Jubilee,

Proclaim liberty throughout the lands
and to all the inhabitants thereof,
it shall be a jubilee for you."
Leviticus 25:10

Debt is a New Kind of Slavery
International debt slavery means that countries are caught in a debt trap that they can't escape. The debt trap is composed of economic conditions that take away a country’s sovereignty and freedom. When countries are enslaved by debt they can't improve the lives of their citizens nor gain control over their own futures.


Thank you again, Rahul, and for reminding me about Jubilee. It will be a powerful Envoke if we joined together to make our voices heard in the next eight weeks.

Comment by Rahul Dewanjee on March 16, 2010 at 12:45am
G'day Linda....I trust you will keep me inspiring with your words like you've always done....I'm going through the Jubilee site now.

Thank you for acknowledging that debt slavery more than anything else coupled with a lack of functional democracy is killing every drop of hope in Africa....I reckon non-violent movement inspired by Mahatma Gandhi's work and life could be a potential model for Africa to 'reinvent its relevance'.
Comment by Linda Holt on March 16, 2010 at 1:07am
Rahul - I am very inspired by the depth of your knowledge and your kindness. I have mentioned Werner Erhard in my writings. I am trying to find written doc**entation of some of the work he has done with corporations and governments. His work on transformation could also be a potential model for Africa and, dare I say, the world.
Comment by glim on March 16, 2010 at 5:32pm
wow. what an excellently thought out and expressed post. lots of really good stuff to research and collate here...
Comment by Rahul Dewanjee on March 17, 2010 at 3:40am
Thanks to everyone who had this opportunity to read this article and put forward constructive criticisms and power votes. Thanks:)
Comment by Rahul Dewanjee on March 20, 2010 at 10:24am
Thanks to everyone who had this opportunity to read this article and put forward constructive criticisms and power votes.

It is worth reflecting your thoughts after viewing the picture taken by Pulitzer awarding winning photographer Kevin Carter. PLEASE SEE THE PICTURE. Feel it. Absorb the sense of context.

Comment by cameron michael keys on March 28, 2010 at 8:43pm
Free Trade ReImagined -- Roberto Mangabeira Unger.
I think I'm really hearing you in this post. Globalization is necessary in Africa, but the character of that globalization has to be newly imagined. As for cultivating an ethos of non-violence...
If you imagine a country or a continent as possessing a wh*** psyche -- as an organism -- it opens up areas for analysis. In the formation of the mind of a wh*** psyche, the organism must develop a functional "theory of other minds". This is a system of present-moment evaluation enacted by the organism to represent and construct the content of the other. If the organism sees another wh*** psyche, there has to be a method for constructing the other's wh*** psyche based only upon sensory stimuli, inference, et cetera. So my question here is, What is Africa's image of the wh*** psyche of the developed world? This will actually influence the behavior of Africa and Africa's people.
I would assert that in order for an ethos of non-violence to gain traction in Africa, the rest of the world needs to provide Africa with UNAMBIGUOUSLY GENEROUS behavior, non-violent, compassionate, and proactive. This has to be a sustained and intense endeavor if it wishes to alter the colonial conditioning of Africa's theory of other minds.
Does this make sense?
The violent attitudes of Africa toward its own organic body are contatenations of its relationships with colonial powers. To alter its own internal dynamics at this point requires enlightened engagement. At this point, however, Africa's theory of other minds makes it believe that the developed corporate world is hostile to Africa's best interests. We're supporting the liberation of Africa, but the support has to be so overwhelming and sustained that it reprograms Africa's theory of other minds.
That's not something that a propaganda campaign or social movement can alter. The theory of other minds is so deeply subconscious you cannot get at it by playing with surfaces.
In order to change Africa's theory of other minds, the developed corporate world has to change ITS theory of other minds. And that's major difficult. We're talking about corporate conglomerates as organic wh*** psyche's with deeply disturbed psychological profiles. Major corporations viewed properly as entities have deeply deeply disturbing theories of other minds.


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