A crash course in changing the world.
The valley of the Mayo River in Peru was isolated from the rest of the country until the 1970s, when construction of the Carretera Marginal trunk road gave access. A wave
of spontaneous settlers from the highlands and the coast then came into
the valley, increasing the population five-fold. Under such a dramatic
event, the locals became a disadvantaged minority in their own
traditional territory. Providing legal land titles to the nine Aguaruna
communities living in the Alto Mayo basin was a condition of the IFAD project.
The native communities were thus able to obtain communal land titles and rights from the government before the major wave of migrants could
reach the region. In this way, the nine communities became owners of
60,000 hectares of land, of which some 17,000 hectares were suitable
for intensive agricultural production. Consequently, they could
continue their traditional activities in shifting agriculture, growing
about 80 species of plants, most important among them, manioc, maize,
bananas, and rice. Hunting, fishing, and gathering fruits and nuts from
the forest are other activities that significantly enhance their diet. This seems to be the best example i could find for dealing with such problems.