Urgent Evoke

A crash course in changing the world.

April 20th, 2020, Buenos Aires, Argentina



In a suburban house surrounded by trees shedding leaves

like paper airplanes, cars start arriving to the Delta Team's

10th anniversary party, they all appear to be the same car model,

black, and when the doors open they seem to be a little thicker than

normal car doors, perhaps thermal insulation.


The cars keep coming in and the people pouring in,
there seems to be 4 nodes, four groups, four clusters of Agents,
by the time the car number 42 parks and its riders go in,
there is 128 people in the backyard of the house,
intermingling among them, but clearly in 4 groups of about 30 Agents.


Outside and around the house there is a security detail of about 40 Agents,
the same people that were driving the cars, they seem to have something
like the volumetric silhouette of an MP5 underneath their suits,
but otherwise, they appear to be very well dressed drivers looking in
different directions and with something in their ears.


Michele Baron and I are cooking for the wh*** party and a security agent comes in to the kitchen
"Excuse me Special Agent Baron, are we gonna get some food or should I call for delivery?"
"Of course not, What would you tough guys like"
"Chinese"
"You got it"


Jack Herer is standing in a corner, just watching the kitchen dance, in a trance.

The house is powered by solar concentrators, Stirling engines, solar water heaters,
and the oven uses salt water microwave combustion.

Now that the legal constraints have been lifted in Argentina,
and that is why Jack Herer is here, a lot of things will be replaced
by another solar power technology, a plant.

After the food is served, and the traditional applause for the cooks,
Jack stands up, gets on the stage and starts talking:


In 1619, America's first marijuana law was enacted at Jamestown Colony, Virginia, "ordering" all farmers to "make tryal of "(grow) Indian hempseed. More mandatory (must-grow) hemp
cultivation laws were enacted in Massachusetts in 1631, in Connecticut
in 1632 and in the Chesapeake Colonies into the mid-1700s.

Even in England, the much-sought-after prize of full British citizenship was bestowed by a decree of the crown on foreigners who would
grow cannabis, and fines were often levied against those who refused.

Cannabis hemp was legal tender (money) in most of the Americas from 1631 until the early 1800s. Why? To encourage American farmers
to grow more.

You could pay your taxes with cannabis hemp throughout America for over 200 years.

You could even be jailed in America for not growing cannabis during several periods of shortage, e.g., in Virginia between 1763 and
1767.

George Washington and Thomas Jefferson grew cannabis on their plantations. Jefferson,3 while envoy to France, went to great expense, and even considerable risk
to himself and his secret agents, to procure particularly good hempseeds
smuggled illegally into Turkey from China. The Chinese Mandarins (political
rulers) so valued their hemp seed that they made its exportation a capital
offense.

The Chinese character "Ma" was the earliest name for hemp. By the 10th century, A.D., Ma had become the generic term for fibers of all kinds, including jute and ramie. By then, the word for
hemp had become "Tai-ma" or "Dai-ma" meaning "great
hemp."

The United States Census of 1850 counted 8,327 hemp "plantations"* (minimum 2,000-acre farms) growing cannabis hemp for cloth, canvas and
even the cordage used for baling cotton. Most of these plantations were
located in the South or in the Border States, primarily because of the
cheap slave labor available prior to 1865 for the labor-intensive hemp
industry.


*This figure does not include the tens of thousands of smaller farms growing cannabis, nor the hundreds of thousands if not millions
of family hemp patches in America; nor does it take into account that
well into this century 80% of America's hemp consumption for 200
years still had to be imported from Russia, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and
Poland, etc..

Benjamin Franklin started one of America's first paper mills with cannabis. This allowed America to have a free colonial press without having to beg or justify the need for paper and books from
England.

In addition, various marijuana and hashish extracts were the first, second or third most-prescribed medicines in the United States
from 1842 until the 1890s. Its medicinal use continued legally through
the 1930s for humans and figured even more prominently in American and
world veterinary medicines during this time.

Cannabis extract medicines were produced by Eli Lilly, Parke-Davis, Tildens, Brothers Smith (Smith Brothers), Squibb and many other American and European companies and apothecaries. During all this
time there was not one reported death from cannabis extract medicines,
and virtually no abuse or mental disorders reported, except for first-time
or novice-users occasionally becoming disoriented or overly introverted.


World Historical Notes

"The earliest known woven fabric was apparently of hemp, which began to be worked in the eighth millennium (8,000-7,000 B.C.)." (The Columbia
History of the World, 1981, page 54.)

The body of literature (i.e., archaeology, anthropology, philology, economy, history) pertaining to hemp is in general agreement that, at the very least:

From more than 1,000 years before the time of Christ until 1883 A.D., cannabis hemp, indeed, marijuana was our planet's largest agricultural crop and most important industry, involving thousands of
products and enterprises; producing the overall majority of Earth's
fiber, fabric, lighting oil, paper, incense and medicines. In addition,
it was a primary source of essential food oil and protein for humans and
animals.

According to virtually every anthropologist and university in the world, marijuana was also used in most of our religions and cults
as one of the seven or so most widely used mood-, mind-or pain-altering
drugs when taken as psychotropic, psychedelic (mind-manifesting or
-expanding)
sacraments.

Almost without exception, these sacred (drug) experiences inspired our superstitions, amulets, talismans, religions, prayers, and
language codes. (See Chapter10 on "Religions and Magic.")

Great Wars were Fought to Ensure the Availability of Hemp

For example, the primary reason for the War of 1812 (fought by America against Great Britain) was access to Russian cannabis hemp.
Russian hemp was also the principal reason that Napoleon (our 1812 ally)
and his "Continental Systems" allies invaded Russia in 1812.
(See Chapter 11, "The (Hemp) War of 1812 and Napoleon Invades Russia.")

In 1942, after the Japanese invasion of the Philippines cut off the supply of Manila (Abaca) hemp, the U.S. government distributed
400,000 pounds of cannabis seeds to American farmers from Wisconsin to
Kentucky, who produced 42,000 tons of hemp fiber annually until 1946 when
the war ended.

Why Has Cannabis Hemp Been so Important in History?

Because cannabis hemp is, overall, the strongest, most-durable, longest-lasting natural soft-fiber on the planet. Its leaves and flower
tops (marijuana) were, depending on the culture, the first, second or
third most-important and most-used medicines for two-thirds of the world's
people for at least 3,000 years, until the turn of the 20th century.

Botanically, hemp is a member of the most advanced plant family on Earth. It is a dioecious (having male, female and sometimes hermaphroditic, male and female on same plant), woody, herbaceous annual
that uses the sun more efficiently than virtually any other plant on our
planet, reaching a robust 12 to 20 feet or more in one short growing season.
It can be grown in virtually any climate or soil condition on Earth, even
marginal ones.

Hemp is, by far, Earth's premier, renewable natural resource. This is why hemp is so very important.

If all fossil fuels and their derivatives, as well as trees for paper and construction were banned in order to save the planet, reverse the Greenhouse Effect
and stop deforestation...

Then there is only one known annually renewable natural resource that is capable of providing the overall majority of the world's paper and textiles;
meeting all of the world's transportation, industrial and home energy
needs; simultaneously reducing pollution, rebuilding the soil, and cleaning
the atmosphere all at the same time...

And that substance is-the same one that did it all before-

Cannabis Hemp...Marijuana!

Ships & Sailors

Ninety percent* of all ships' sails (since before the Phoenicians, from at least the 5th century B.C. until long after the invention and commercialization
of steam ships, mid-to late-19th century) were made from hemp.

*The other 10% were usually flax or minor fibers like ramie, sisal, jute, abaca, etc.


The word "canvas"1 is the Dutch pronunciation (twice removed, from French and Latin) of the
Greek word "Kannabis."*

*Kannabis, of the (Hellenized) Mediterranean Basin Greek language, derived from the Persian and earlier Northern Semitics (Quanuba, Kanabosm, Cana?, Kanah?)
which scholars have now traced back to the dawn of the 6,000-year-old
Indo-Semitic European language family base of the Sumerians and Acadians.
The early Sumerian/Babylonian word K(a)N(a)B(a), or Q(a)N(a)B(a) is one
of man's longest surviving root words.1 (KN means cane and B means
two, two reeds or two sexes.)

In addition to canvas sails, until this century virtually all of the rigging, anchor ropes, cargo nets, fishing nets, flags, shrouds, and oak** (the main protection
for ships against salt water, used as a sealant between the outer and
inner hull of ships) were made from the stalk of the marijuana plant.

Even the sailors' clothing, right down to the stitching in the seamen's rope-soled and (sometimes) "canvas" shoes, was crafted from
cannabis.*

*An average cargo, clipper, whaler, or naval ship of the line, in the 16th, 17th, 18th, or 19th centuries carried 50 to 100 tons of cannabis hemp rigging,
not to mention the sails, nets, etc., and needed it all replaced every
year or two, due to salt rot. (Ask the U.S. Naval Academy, or see the
construction of the USS Constitution, a.k.a. "Old Ironsides,"
Boston Harbor.)

Additionally, the ships' charts, maps, logs, and Bibles were made from paper containing hemp fiber from the time of Columbus (15th century) until the early 1900s
in the Western European/American World, and by the Chinese from the 1st
century A.D. on. Hemp paper lasted 50 to 100 times longer than most preparations
of papyrus, and was a hundred times easier and cheaper to make.

Incredibly, it cost more for a ship's hempen sails, ropes, etc. than it did to build the wooden parts.

Nor was hemp use restricted to the briny deep...

Textiles & Fabrics

Until the 1880s in America (and until the 20th century in most of the rest of the world), 80% of all textiles and fabrics used for clothing, tents, bed
sheets and linens,* rugs, drapes, quilts, towels, diapers, etc., and even
our flag, "Old Glory," were principally made from fibers of
cannabis.

For hundreds, if not thousands of years (until the 1830s), Ireland made the finest linens and Italy made the world's finest cloth for clothing with hemp.

*The 1893-1910 editions of Encyclopaedia Britannica indicate, and in 1938, Popular Mechanics estimated, that at least half of all the material that
has been called linen was not made from flax, but from cannabis. Herodotus
(c. 450 B.C.) describes the hempen garments made by the Thracians as equal
to linen in fineness and that "none but a very experienced person
could tell whether they were of hemp or flax."

Although these facts have been almost forgotten, our forebears were well aware that hemp is softer than cotton, warmer than cotton, more water absorbent
than cotton, has three times the tensile strength of cotton and is many
times more durable than cotton.

Homespun cloth was almost always spun from fibers grown in the family hemp patch.

In fact, when the patriotic, real-life, 1776 mothers of our present day blue-blood "Daughters of the American Revolution" (the DAR of Boston
and New England) organized "spinning bees" to clothe Washington's
soldiers, the majority of the thread was spun from hemp fibers. Were it
not for the historically forgotten (or censored) and currently disparaged
marijuana plant, the Continental Army would have frozen to death at Valley
Forge, Pennsylvania.

The common use of hemp in the economy of the early republic was important enough to occupy the time and thoughts of our first U.S. Treasury Secretary Alexander
Hamilton, who wrote in a Treasury notice from the 1790s, "Flax and
Hemp: Manufacturers of these articles have so much affinity to each other,
and they are so often blended, that they may with advantage be considered
in conjunction. Sailcloth should have 10% duty..."

The covered wagons went west (to Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Oregon, and California*) covered with sturdy hemp canvas tarpaulins,2
while ships sailed around the "Horn" to San Francisco on hemp
sails and ropes.

*The original, heavy-duty, famous Levi pants were made for the California ‘49ers out of hempen sailcloth and rivets. This way the pockets wouldn't
rip when filled with gold panned from the sediment.3

Homespun cloth was almost always spun, by people all over the world, from fibers grown in the "family hemp patch." In America, this tradition
lasted from the Pilgrims (1620s) until hemp's prohibition in the
1930s.*

*In the 1930s, Congress was told by the Federal Bureau of Narcotics that many Polish-Americans still grew pot in their backyards to make their winter "long johns"
and work clothes, and greeted the agents with shotguns for stealing their
next year's clothes.

The age and density of the hemp patch influences fiber quality. If a farmer wanted soft linen-quality fibers he would plant his cannabis close together.

As a rule of thumb, if you plant for medical or recreational use, you plant one seed per five square yards. When planted for seed: four to five feet apart.

One-hundred-twenty to 180 seeds to the square yard are planted for rough cordage or coarse cloth. Finest linen or lace is grown up to 400 plants to the square yard
and harvested between 80 to 100 days.

By the late 1820s, the new American hand cotton gins (invented by Eli Whitney in 1793) were largely replaced by European-made "industrial" looms
and cotton gins ("gin" is short for engine), because of Europe's
primary equipment-machinery-technology (tool and die making) lead over
America.

Fifty percent of all chemicals used in American agriculture today are used in cotton growing. Hemp needs no chemicals and has few weed or insect enemies-except
for the U. S. government and the DEA.

For the first time, light cotton clothing could be produced at less cost than hand retting (rotting) and hand separating hemp fibers to be handspun on spinning wheels
and jennys.

However, because of its strength, softness, warmth and long-lasting qualities, hemp continued to be the second most-used natural fiber* until the 1930s.

*In case you're wondering, there is no THC or "high" in hemp fiber. That's right; you can't smoke your shirt! In fact,
attempting to smoke hemp fabric, or any fabric, for that matter, could
be fatal!

After the 1937 Marijuana Tax law, new DuPont "plastic fibers," under license since 1936 from the German company I.G. Farben (patent surrenders
were part of Germany's World War I reparation payments to America),
replaced natural hempen fibers. (Some 30% of I.G. Farben, under Hitler,
was owned and financed by America's DuPont.) DuPont also introduced
Nylon (invented in 1935) to the market after they'd patented it
in 1938.

Finally, it must be noted that approximately 50% of all chemicals used in American agriculture today are used in cotton growing. Hemp needs no chemicals
and has few weed or insect enemies, except for the U.S. government and
the DEA.

Fiber & Pulp Paper

Until 1883, from 75-90% of all paper in the world was made with cannabis hemp fiber including that for books, Bibles, maps, paper money, stocks and bonds,
newspapers, etc. The Gutenberg Bible (in the 15th century); Pantagruel
and the Herb pantagruelion, Rabelais (16th century); King James Bible
(17th century); Thomas Paine's pamphlets, The Rights of Man,
Common Sense, The Age of Reason (18th century); the
works of Fitz Hugh Ludlow, Mark Twain, Victor Hugo, Alexander Dumas; Lewis
Carroll's Alice in Wonderland (19th century); and just
about everything else was printed on hemp paper.

The first draft of the Declaration of Independence (June 28, 1776) was written on Dutch (hemp) paper, as was the second draft completed on July 2, 1776.
This was the doc**ent actually agreed to on that day and announced and
released on July 4, 1776. On July 19, 1776, Congress ordered the Declaration
be copied and engrossed on parchment (a prepared animal skin) and this
was the doc**ent actually signed by the delegates on August 2, 1776.

Hemp paper lasted 50 to 100 times longer than most preparations of papyrus, and was a hundred times easier and cheaper to make.

What we (the colonial Americans) and the rest of the world used to make all our paper from was the discarded sails and ropes sold by ship owners as scrap for
recycling into paper.

The rest of our paper came from our worn-out clothes, sheets, diapers, curtains and rags*, made primarily from hemp and sometimes flax, then sold to scrap
dealers.

*Hence the term "rag paper."

Our ancestors were too thrifty to just throw anything away, so, until the 1880s, any remaining scraps and clothes were mixed together and recycled into paper.

Rag paper, containing hemp fiber, is the highest quality and longest lasting paper ever made. It can be torn when wet, but returns to its full strength when
dry. Barring extreme conditions, rag paper remains stable for centuries.
It will almost never wear out. Many U.S. government papers were written,
by law, on hempen "rag paper" until the 1920s.5

It is generally believed by scholars that the early Chinese knowledge, or art, of hemp paper making (1st century A.D., 800 years before Islam discovered how,
and 1,200 to 1,400 years before Europe) was one of the two chief reasons
that Oriental knowledge and science were vastly superior to that of the
West for 1,400 years. Thus, the art of long-lasting hemp papermaking allowed
the Orientals' acc**ulated knowledge to be passed on, built upon,
investigated, refined, challenged and changed, for generation after generation
(in other words, c**ulative and comprehensive scholarship).

The other reason that Oriental knowledge and science sustained superiority to that of the West for 1,400 years was that the Roman Catholic Church forbade
reading and writing for 95% of Europe's people; in addition, they
burned, hunted down, or prohibited all foreign or domestic books, including
their own Bible!, for over 1,200 years under the penalty and often-used
punishment of death. Hence, many historians term this period "The
Dark Ages" (476 A.D.-1000 A.D., or even until the Renaissance).
(See Chapter 10 on Sociology.)

Rope, Twine & Cordage

Virtually every city and town (from time out of mind) in the world had an industry making hemp rope.6 Russia,
however, was the world's largest producer and best-quality manufacturer,
supplying 80% of the Western world's hemp from 1640 until 1940.

Thomas Paine outlined four essential natural resources for the new nation in Common Sense (1776): "cordage, iron, timber and tar."

Chief among these was hemp for cordage. He wrote, "Hemp flourishes even to rankness, we do not want for cordage." Then he went on to list the other essentials
necessary for war with the British navy: cannons, gun-powder, etc.

From 70-90% of all rope, twine, and cordage was made from hemp until 1937. It was then replaced mostly by petrochemical fibers (owned principally by DuPont
under license from Germany's I.G. Farben Corporation patents) and
by Manila (Abaca) Hemp, with steel cables often intertwined for strength,
brought in from our "new" far-western Pacific Philippines
possession, seized from Spain as reparation for the Spanish American War
in 1898.

Art Canvas

Hemp is the perfect archival medium.7

The paintings of Van Gogh, Gainsborough, Rembrandt, etc., were primarily painted on hemp canvas, as were practically all canvas paintings.

A strong, lustrous fiber, hemp withstands heat, mildew, and insects and is not damaged by light. Oil paintings on hemp and/or flax canvas have stayed in fine
condition for centuries.

For thousands of years, virtually all good paints and varnishes were made with hempseed oil and/or linseed oil.

Paints & Varnishes

For instance, in 1935 alone, 116 million pounds (58,000 tons*) of hempseed were used in America just for paint and varnish. The hemp drying oil business went
principally to DuPont petro-chemicals.8

*National Institute of Oilseed Products congressional testimony against the 1937 Marijuana Transfer Tax Law. As a comparison, consider that the U.S. Drug
Enforcement Administration (DEA), along with all America's state
and local police agencies, claim to have seized for all of 1996, 700+
tons of American-grown marijuana: seed, plant, root, dirt clump and all.
Even the DEA itself admits that 94 to 97 percent of all marijuana/hemp
plants that have been seized and destroyed since the 1960s were growing
completely wild and could not have been smoked as marijuana.

Congress and the Treasury Department were assured through secret testimony given by DuPont in 1935-37 directly to Herman Oliphant, Chief Counsel for the
Treasury Dept., that hempseed oil could be replaced with synthetic petrochemical
oils made principally by DuPont.

Oliphant was solely responsible for drafting the Marijuana Tax Act that was submitted to Congress.9 (See complete
story in Chapter 4, "The Last Days of Legal Cannabis.")

Until about 1800, hempseed oil was the most consumed lighting oil in America and the world. From then until the 1870s, it was the second most consumed lighting
oil, exceeded only by whale oil.

Lighting Oil

Hempseed oil lit the lamps of the legendary Aladdin, Abraham the prophet, and in real life, Abraham Lincoln.

It was the brightest lamp oil.

Hempseed oil for lamps was replaced by petroleum, kerosene, etc., after the 1859 Pennsylvania oil discovery and John D. Rockefeller's 1870-on national
petroleum stewardship. (See Chapter 9 on "Economics.") In
fact, the celebrated botanist Luther Burbank stated, "The seed [of
cannabis] is prized in other countries for its oil, and its neglect here
illustrates the same wasteful use of our agricultural resources."

Biomass Energy

In the early 1900s, Henry Ford and other futuristic, organic, engineering geniuses recognized (as their intellectual, scientific heirs still do today) an
important point, that up to 90% of all fossil fuel used in the world today
(coal, oil, natural gas, etc.) should long ago have been replaced with
biomass such as: cornstalks, cannabis, waste paper and the like.

Biomass can be converted to methane, methanol or gasoline at a fraction of the current cost of oil, coal, or nuclear energy, especially when environmental costs
are factored in, and its mandated use would end acid rain, end sulfur-based
smog, and reverse the Greenhouse Effect on our planet, right now!*

*Government and oil and coal companies, etc., will insist that burning biomass fuel is no better than using up our fossil fuel reserves, as far as pollution
goes; but this is patently untrue.

Why? Because, unlike fossil fuel, biomass comes from living (not extinct) plants that continue to remove carbon dioxide pollution from our atmosphere as they
grow, through photosynthesis. Furthermore, biomass fuels do not contain
sulfur.

This can be accomplished if hemp is grown for biomass and then converted through pyrolysis (charcoalizing) or biochemical composting into fuels to replace
fossil fuel energy products.*

*Remarkably, when considered on a planet-wide, climate-wide, soil-wide basis, cannabis is at least four and possibly many more times richer in sustainable, renewable
biomass/cellulose potential than its nearest rivals on the planet, cornstalks,
sugarcane, kenaf, trees, etc. (Solar Gas, 1980; Omni,
1983: Cornell University; Science Digest, 1983: etc.).

Also see Chapter 9 on "Economics."

One product of pyrolysis, methanol, is used today by most race cars and was used by American farmers and auto drivers routinely with petroleum/methanol options
starting in the 1920s, through the 1930s, and even into the mid-1940s
to run tens of thousands of auto, farm and military vehicles until the
end of World War II.

Methanol can even be converted to a high-octane lead-free gasoline using a catalytic process developed by Georgia Tech University in conjunction with Mobil
Oil Corporation.

Medicine

From 1842 through the 1890s, extremely strong marijuana (then known as cannabis extractums) and hashish extracts, tinctures and elixirs were routinely
the second and third most-used medicines in America for humans (from birth,
through childhood, to old age) and in veterinary medicine until the 1920s
and longer. (See Chapter 6 on "Medicine," and Chapter 13 on
the "19th Century.")

Queen Victoria used cannabis resins for her menstrual cramps and PMS. Her reign (1837- 1901) paralleled the enormous growth of the use of Indian cannabis medicine.

As stated earlier, for at least 3,000 years, prior to 1842, widely varying marijuana extracts (buds, leaves, roots, etc.) were the most commonly used and widely
accepted medicines in the world for the majority of mankind's illnesses.

However, in Western Europe, the Roman Catholic Church forbade use of cannabis or any medical treatment, except for alcohol or blood letting, for 1200-plus
years. (See Chapter 10 on "Sociology.")

The U.S. Pharmacopoeia indicated that cannabis should be used for treating such ailments as: fatigue, fits of coughing, rheumatism, asthma, delirium tremens,
migraine headaches and the cramps and depressions associated with menstruation.
(Professor William EmBoden, Professor of Narcotic Botany, California State
University, Northridge.)

Queen Victoria used cannabis resins for her menstrual cramps and PMS, and her reign (1837-1901) paralleled the enormous growth of the use of Indian cannabis medicine
in the English-speaking world.

In the 20th century, cannabis research has demonstrated therapeutic value and complete safety in treating many health problems including asthma, glaucoma, nausea,
tumors, epilepsy, infection, stress, migraines, anorexia, depression,
rheumatism, arthritis, Alzheimer's disease and herpes. (See Chapter
7, "Therapeutic Uses of Cannabis.")

Food Oils & Protein

Hempseed was regularly used in porridge, soups, and gruels by virtually all the people of the world up until this century. Monks were required to eat
hempseed dishes three times a day, to weave their clothes with it and
to print their Bibles on paper made with its fiber.

Hempseed can be pressed for its highly nutritious vegetable oil, which contains the highest amount of essential fatty acids in the plant kingdom. These
essential oils are responsible for our immune responses and clear the
arteries of ch***sterol and plaque.

The byproduct of pressing the oil from the seed is the highest quality protein seed cake. It can be sprouted (malted) or ground and baked into cakes, breads
and casseroles. Marijuana seed protein is one of mankind's finest,
most complete and available-to-the-body vegetable proteins. Hempseed is
the most complete single food source for human nutrition. (See discussion
of edestins and essential fatty acids, Chapter 8.)

Hempseed was, until the 1937 prohibition law, the world's number-one bird seed, for both wild and domes-tic birds. It was their favorite* of any
seed food on the planet; four million pounds of hempseed for songbirds
were sold at retail in the U.S. in 1937. Birds will pick hempseeds out
and eat them first from a pile of mixed seed. Birds in the wild live longer
and breed more with hempseed in their diet, using the oil for their feathers
and their overall health. (More in Chapter 8, "Hemp as a Basic World
Food.")

*Congressional testimony, 1937: "Song birds won't sing without it," the bird food companies told Congress. Result: sterilized cannabis seeds
continue to be imported into the U.S. from Italy, China and other countries.

Hempseed produces no observable high for humans or birds. Only the most minute traces of THC are in the seed. Hempseed is also the favorite fish bait
in Europe. Anglers buy pecks of hempseed at bait stores, and then throw
handfuls into rivers and ponds. Fish come thrashing for the hempseed and
are caught by hook. No other bait is as effective, making hempseed generally
the most desirable and most nutritious food for humans, birds and fish.

Building Materials & Housing

Because one acre of hemp produces as much cellulose fiber pulp as 4.1 acres of trees,* hemp is the perfect material to replace trees for pressed board, particle
board and for concrete construction molds.

*Dewey & Merrill, Bulletin #404, United States Dept. of Agricultural., 1916.

Practical, inexpensive fire-resistant construction material, with excellent thermal and sound-insulating qualities, is made by heating and compressing plant
fibers to create strong construction paneling, replacing dry wall and
plywood. William B. Conde of Conde's Redwood Lumber, Inc. near Eugene,
OR, in conjunction with Washington State University (1991-1993),
has demonstrated the superior strength, flexibility, and economy of hemp
composite building materials compared to wood fiber, even as beams.

Isochanvre, a rediscovered French building material made from hemp hurds mixed with lime, actually petrifies into a mineral state and lasts for many centuries.
Archeologists have found a bridge in the south of France, from the Merovingian
period (500-751 A.D.), built with this process. (See Chènevotte
habitat of René, France in Appendix I.)

Hemp has been used throughout history for carpet backing. Hemp fiber has potential in the manufacture of strong, rot resistant carpeting, eliminating the
poisonous fumes of burning synthetic materials in a house or commercial
fire, along with allergic reactions associated with new synthetic carpeting.

Plastic plumbing pipe (PVC pipes) can be manufactured using renewable hemp cellulose as the chemical feedstocks, replacing non-renewable coal or petroleum-based
chemical feedstocks.

So we can envision a house of the future built, plumbed, painted and furnished with the world's number-one renewable resource, hemp.

Smoking, Leisure & Creativity

The American Declaration of Independence recognizes the "inalienable rights" of "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." Subsequent
court decisions have inferred the rights to privacy and choice from this,
the U.S. Constitution and its Amendments.

Many artists and writers have used cannabis for creative stimulation, from the writers of the world's religious masterpieces to our most irreverent satirists.
These include Lewis Carroll and his hookah-smoking caterpillar in Alice
in Wonderland, plus Victor Hugo and Alexander Dumas; such jazz greats
as Louis Armstrong, Cab Calloway, Duke Ellington and Gene Krupa; and the
pattern continues right up to modern-day artists and musicians such as
the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, the Eagles, the Doobie Brothers, Bob
Marley, Jefferson Airplane, Willie Nelson, Buddy Rich, Country Joe &
the Fish, Joe Walsh, David Bowie, Iggy Pop, Lola Falana, Hunter S. Thompson,
Peter Tosh, the Grateful Dead, Cypress Hill, Sinead O'Connor, Black
Crowes, Snoop Dogg, Los Marijuanos, etc.

Of course, smoking marijuana only enhances creativity for some and not for others.

But throughout history, various prohibition and "temperance" groups have attempted and occasionally succeeded in banning the preferred relaxational
substances of others, like alcohol, tobacco or cannabis.

Abraham Lincoln responded to this kind of repressive mentality in December, 1840, when he said "Prohibition/goes beyond the bounds of reason in that it
attempts to control a man's appetite by legislation and makes a
crime out of things that are not crimes. A prohibition law strikes a blow
at the very principles upon which our government was founded."

Economic Stability, Profit & Free Trade

We believe that in a competitive market, with all facts known, people will rush to buy long-lasting, biodegradable "Pot Tops" or "Mary
Jeans," etc., made from a plant without pesticides or herbicides.
Some of the companies who have led the way with these products are Ecolution,
Hempstead, Marie Mills, Ohio Hempery, Two Star Dog, Headcase, and in Germany,
HanfHaus, et al.

It's time we put capitalism to the test and let the unrestricted market of supply and demand, as well as "Green" ecological consciousness,
decide the future of the planet.

A cotton shirt in 1776 cost $100 to $200, while a hemp shirt cost .50 cents to $1. By the 1830s, cooler, lighter cotton shirts were on par in price with
the warmer, heavier, hempen shirts, providing a competitive choice.

People were able to choose their garments based upon the particular qualities they wanted in a fabric. Today we have no such choice.

The role of hemp and other natural fibers should be determined by the market of supply and demand and personal tastes and values, not by the undue influence
of prohibition laws, federal subsidies and huge tariffs that keep the
natural fabrics from replacing synthetic fibers.

Seventy years of government suppression of information has resulted in virtually no public knowledge of the incredible potential of the hemp fiber or its
uses.

By using 100% hemp or mixing hemp with organic cotton, you will be able to pass on your shirts, pants and other clothing to your grandchildren. Intelligent
spending could essentially replace the use of petrochemical synthetic
fibers such as nylon and polyester with tougher, cheaper, cool, absorbent,
breathing, biodegradable, natural fibers.

China, Italy and Eastern European countries such as Hungary, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Poland, and Russia currently make millions of dollars worth of sturdy
hemp and hemp/cotton textiles, and could be making billions of dollars
worth annually.

These countries build upon their traditional farming and weaving skills, while the U.S. tries to force the extinction of this plant to prop up destructive synthetic
technologies.

Even cannabis/cotton blend textiles were still not cleared for direct sale in the U.S. until 1991. The Chinese, for instance, were forced by tacit agreement to send
us inferior ramie /cottons.

(National Import/Export Textile Company of Shanghai, personal communication with author, April and May 1983.)

As the 1990 edition of Emperor went to press, garments containing at least 55% cannabis hemp arrived from China and Hungary. In 1992, as we went to press, many
different grades of 100% hemp fabric had arrived directly from China and
Hungary. Now, in 2007, hemp fabric is in booming demand all over the world,
arriving from Romania, Poland, Italy, Germany, et al. Hemp was recognized
as the hottest fabric of the 1990s by Rolling Stone, Time, Newsweek, Paper,
Detour, Details, Mademoiselle, The New York Times, The Los Angeles Times,
Der Spiegel, ad infinitum. All have run, over and over again, major stories
on industrial and nutritional hemp.

Additionally, hemp grown for biomass could fuel a trillion-dollar per year energy industry, while improving air quality and distributing the wealth to rural areas
and their surrounding communities, and away from centralized power monopolies.
More than any other plant on Earth, hemp holds the promise of a sustainable
ecology and economy.

In Conclusion. . . .

We must reiterate our original premise with our challenge to the world to prove us wrong:

If all fossil fuels and their derivatives, as well as trees for paper and construction were banned in order to save the planet, reverse the Greenhouse Effect
and stop deforestation: Then there is only one known annually renewable
natural resource that is capable of providing the overall majority of
the world's paper and textiles; meeting all of the world's
transportation, industrial and home energy needs, while simultaneously
reducing pollution, rebuilding the soil, and cleaning the atmosphere all
at the same time...

And that substance is-the same one that did it all before-

Cannabis Hemp...Marijuana!

When Hemp Saved George Bush's Life

One more example of the importance of hemp: Five years after cannabis hemp was outlawed in 1937, it was promptly reintroduced for the World War II effort
in 1942.

So, when the young pilot, George Bush, baled out of his burning airplane after a battle over the Pacific, little did he know:

- Parts of his aircraft engine were lubricated with cannabis hempseed oil;

- 100% of his life-saving parachute webbing was made from U.S. grown cannabis hemp;

- Virtually all the rigging and ropes of the ship that pulled him in were made of cannabis hemp.

- The fire hoses on the ship (as were those in the schools he had attended) were woven from cannabis hemp; and,

- Finally, as young George Bush stood safely on the deck, his shoes' durable stitching was of cannabis hemp, as it is in all good leather and military shoes
to this day.

Yet Bush has spent a good deal of his career eradicating the cannabis plant and enforcing laws to make certain that no one will learn this information
- possibly including himself. . .

The Battle of Bulletin 404

The Setting

In 1917, the world was battling World War I. In this country, industrialists, just beset with the minimum wage and graduated income tax, were sent into a
tailspin. Progressive ideals were lost as the United States took its place
on the world stage in the struggle for commercial supremacy. It is against
this backdrop that the first 20th century hemp drama was played.

The Players

The story begins in 1916, soon after the release of USDA Bulletin 404 (see page 24). Near San Diego, California, a 50-year-old German immigrant named
George Schlichten had been working on a simple yet brilliant invention.
Schlichten had spent 18 years and $400,000 on the decorticator, a machine
that could strip the fiber from nearly any plant, leaving the pulp behind.
To build it, he had developed an encyclopedic knowledge of fibers and
paper making. His desire was to stop the felling of forests for paper,
which he believed to be a crime. His native Germany was well advanced
in forestry and Schlichten knew that destroying forests meant destroying
needed watersheds.

Henry Timken, a wealthy industrialist and inventor of the roller bearing got wind of Schlichten's invention and went to meet the inventor in February
of 1917. Timken saw the decorticator as a revolutionary discovery that
would improve conditions for mankind. Timken offered Schlichten the chance
to grow 100 acres of hemp on his ranch in the fertile farmlands of Imperial
Valley, California, just east of San Diego, so that Schlichten could test
his invention.

Shortly thereafter, Timken met with the newspaper giant E.W. Scripps, and his long-time associate Milton McRae, at Miramar, Scripps' home in San Diego. Scripps, then
63, had acc**ulated the largest chain of newspapers in the country. Timken
hoped to interest Scripps in making newsprint from hemp hurds.

Turn-of-the-century newspaper barons needed huge amounts of paper to deliver their swelling circulations. Nearly 30% of the four million tons of paper manufactured
in 1909 was news-print; by 1914 the circulation of daily newspapers had
increased by 17% over 1909 figures to over 28 million copies.1 By 1917,
the price of newsprint was rapidly rising, and McRae, who had been investigating
owning a paper mill since 1904,2 was concerned.

Sowing the Seeds

In May, after further meetings with Timken, Scripps asked McRae to investigate the possibility of using the decorticator in the manufacture of newsprint.

McRae quickly became excited about the plan. He called the decorticator "a great invention. . . [which] will not only render great service to this country,
but it will be very profitable financially. . . . [it] may revolutionize
existing conditions." On August 3, as harvest time neared, a meeting
was arranged between Schlichten, McRae, and newspaper manager Ed Chase.

Without Schlichten's knowledge, McRae had his secretary record the three-hour meeting stenographically. The resulting doc**ent, the only known record of Schlichten's voluminous
knowledge found to date, is reprinted fully in Appendix I.

Schlichten had thoroughly studied many kinds of plants used for paper, among them corn, cotton, yucca, and Espana baccata. Hemp, it seemed, was his favorite:
"The hemp hurd is a practical success and will make paper of a higher
grade than ordinary news stock," he stated. His hemp paper was even
better than that produced for USDA Bulletin 404, he claimed, because the
decorticator eliminated the retting process, leaving behind short fibers
and a natural glue that held the paper together. At 1917 levels of hemp
production Schlichten anticipated making 50,000 tons of paper yearly at
a retail price of $25 a ton. This was less than 50% of the price of newsprint
at the time! And every acre of hemp turned to paper, Schlichten added,
would preserve five acres of forest.

McRae was very impressed by Schlichten. The man who dined with presidents and captains of industry wrote to Timken, "I was to say without equivocation
that Mr. Schlichten impressed me as being a man of great intellectuality
and ability; and so far as I can see, he has created and constructed a
wonderful machine." He assigned Chase to spend as much time as he
could with Schlichten and prepare a report.

Harvest Time

By August, after only three months of growth, Timken's hemp crop had grown to its full height - 14 feet!, and he was highly optimistic about its
prospects. He hoped to travel to California to watch the crop being decorticated,
seeing himself as a benefactor to mankind who would enable people to work
shorter hours and have more time for "spiritual development."
Scripps, on the other hand, was not in an optimistic frame of mind. He
had lost faith in a government that he believed was leading the country
to financial ruin because of the war, and that would take 40% of his profits
in income tax.


In an August 14 letter to his sister, Ellen, he said: "When Mr. McRae was talking to me about the increase in the price of white paper
that was pending, I told him I was just fool enough not to be worried
about a thing of that kind." The price of paper was expected to
rise 50%, costing Scripps his entire year's profit of $1,125,000!
Rather than develop a new technology, he took the easy way out: the Penny
Press Lord simply planned to raise the price of his papers from one cent
to two cents.

The Demise

On August 28, Ed Chase sent his full report to Scripps and McRae. The younger man also was taken with the process: "I have seen a wonderful, yet simple,
invention. I believe it will revolutionize many of the processes of feeding,
clothing, and supplying other wants of mankind."

Chase witnessed the decorticator produce seven tons of hemp hurds in two days. At full production, Schlichten anticipated each machine would produce five tons
per day. Chase figured hemp could easily supply Scripps' West Coast
newspapers, with leftover pulp for side businesses. He estimated the newsprint
would cost between $25 and $35 per ton, and proposed asking an East Coast
paper mill to experiment for them.

McRae, however, seems to have gotten the message that his boss was no longer very interested in making paper from hemp. His response to Chase's report is cautious:
"Much will be determined as to the practicability by the cost of
transportation, manufacture, etc., etc., which we cannot ascertain without
due investigation." Perhaps when his ideals met with the hard work
of developing them, the semi-retired McRae backed off.

By September, Timken's crop was producing one ton of fiber and four tons of hurds per acre, and he was trying to interest Scripps in opening a paper mill
in San Diego. McRae and Chase traveled to Cleveland and spent two hours
convincing Timken that, while hemp hurds were usable for other types of
paper, they could not be made into newsprint cheaply enough. Perhaps the
eastern mill at which they experimented wasn't encouraging -
after all, it was set up to make wood pulp paper.

By this time Timken, too, was hurt by the wartime economy. He expected to pay 54% income tax and was trying to borrow $2 million at 10% interest to retool for
war machines. The man who a few weeks earlier could not wait to get to
California no longer expected to go west at all that winter. He told McRae,
"I think I will be too damn busy in this section of the country
looking after business."

The decorticator resurfaced in the 1930s, when it was touted as the machine that would make hemp a "Billion Dollar Crop" in articles in Mechanical
Engineering and Popular Mechanics.* (Until the 1993 edition of The Emperor,
the decorticator was believed to be a new discovery at that time.) Once
again, the burgeoning hemp industry was halted, this time by the Marijuana
Tax Act of 1937.

Why Not Use Hemp to Reverse the Greenhouse Effect & Save the World?

In early 1989, Jack Herer and Maria Farrow put this question to Steve Rawlings, the highest ranking officer in the U.S. Department of Agriculture (who
was in charge of reversing the Greenhouse Effect), at the USDA world research
facility in Beltsville, Maryland.

First, we introduced ourselves and told him we were writing for Green political party newspapers. Then we asked Rawlings, "If you could have any
choice, what would be the ideal way to stop or reverse the Greenhouse
Effect?"

He said, "Stop cutting down trees and stop using fossil fuels."

"Well, why don't we?"

"There's no viable substitute for wood for paper, or for fossil fuels."

"Why don't we use an annual plant for paper and for biomass to make fuel?"

"Well, that would be ideal," he agreed. "Unfortunately there is nothing you can use that could produce enough materials."

"Well, what would you say if there was such a plant that could substitute for all wood pulp paper, all fossil fuels, would make most of our fibers naturally,
make everything from dynamite to plastic, grows in all 50 states and that
one acre of it would replace 4.1 acres of trees, and that if you used
about 6% of the U.S. land to raise it as an energy crop, even on our marginal
lands, this plant would produce all 75 quadrillion billion BTUs needed
to run America each year? Would that help save the planet?"

"That would be ideal. But there is no such plant."

"We think there is."

"Yeah? What is it?"

"Hemp."

"Hemp!" he mused for a moment. "I never would have thought of it. You know, I think you're right. Hemp could be the plant that could do it.
Wow! That's a great idea!"

We were excited as we outlined this information and delineated the potential of hemp for paper, fiber, fuel, food, paint, etc., and how it could be applied to
balance the world's ecosystems and restore the atmosphere's
oxygen balance with almost no disruption of the standard of living to
which most Americans have become accustomed.

In essence, Rawlings agreed that our information was probably correct and could very well work.

He said, "It's a wonderful idea, and I think it might work. But, of course, you can't use it."

"You're kidding!" we responded. "Why not?"

"Well, Mr. Herer, did you know that hemp is also marijuana?"

"Yes, of course I know, I've been writing about it for about 40 hours a week for the past 17 years."

"Well, you know marijuana's illegal, don't you? You can't use it."

"Not even to save the world?"

"No. It's illegal", he sternly informed me. "You cannot use something illegal."

"Not even to save the world?" we asked, stunned.

"No, not even to save the world. It's illegal. You can't use it. Period."

"Don't get me wrong. It's a great idea," he went on, "but they'll never let you do it."

"Why don't you go ahead and tell the Secretary of Agriculture that a crazy man from California gave you doc**entation that showed hemp might
be able to save the planet and that your first reaction is that he might
be right and it needs some serious study. What would he say?" "Well,
I don't think I'd be here very long after I did that. After
all, I'm an officer of the government." "Well, why not
call up the information on your computer at your own USDA library. That's
where we got the information in the first place."

He said, "I can't sign out that information."

"Well, why not? We did."

"Mr. Herer, you're a citizen. You can sign out for anything you want. But I am an officer of the Department of Agriculture. Someone's
going to want to know why I want all this information. And then I'll
be gone."

Finally, we agreed to send him all the information we got from the USDA library, if he would just look at it.

He said he would, but when we called back a month later, he said that he still had not opened the box that we sent him and that he would be sending it back
to us unopened because he did not want to be responsible for the information,
now that the Bush Administration was replacing him with its own man.

We asked him if he would pass on the information to his successor, and he replied, "Absolutely not."

In May 1989, we had virtually the same conversation and result with his cohort, Dr. Gary Evans of the U.S. Department of Agriculture and Science, the man
in charge of stopping the global warming trend.

In the end, he said, "If you really want to save the planet with hemp, then you [hemp/marijuana activists] would find a way to grow it without the
narcotic (sic) top and then you can use it."

This is the kind of frightened (and frightening) irresponsibility we're up against in our government.


And then he says: You can find all this information and much more at:
http://www.jackherer.com/chapters.html

Views: 43

Comments are closed for this blog post

Comment by A.V.Koshy on May 10, 2010 at 12:29am
hmm havent i seen this somewhere before :)
couple of changes though :)
Comment by cameron michael keys on May 10, 2010 at 12:55am
thanks, and right on.

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