A crash course in changing the world.
Dams help manage water-A critical Resource
.Water is a critical resource.Without it, life could not exist and people could not survive. For more than 5000 years, dams have provided people with a reliable source of the water they needed to live. Dams have enabled to collect and store water when it is plentiful and then use it during DRY periods. Dams have been essential in the establishment and supporting Towns and Farms as well as providing food by Irrigation of CropLand. Today, Dams and reservoirs also help control flood waters to protect people and property, keep rivers navigable,provide alectricity from renewable energy for for Towns, and provide recreational opportunities such as fishing,comping and water sports.
Today more than 40000 large dams improve the living conditions of the World 's population that continues to grow at a rate of more than 100 million people per year. Yet,about 1.5 Billion people still do not have acces to reliable source of suitable drinking water and more than two dozen countries do not have enough water to properly sustain their population.
Increased Food production is only possible through improved irrigation, which frequently depends on diminishing ground water resources. Therefore Dams are needed now and into the foresseable future to improve the management of existing surface water resources. The availability of energy is essential for the Socia-Economic Development of a nation.
Dams provide domestic and individual water supply, energy, agricultural irrigation,industrial use, flood control and recreational opportunities, but there is a cost. Our quest to provide the growing world population with a better life means we will change the natural environment. Natural Resources will be used and the environment will be transformed to meet human needs.
People and other forms of life are inevitably effected when Dams and resorvoirs are built. Engineers must avoid or mitigate any environmental damage caused by the project.
1. Meeting for people's immediate needs for water
2. Long-Term supply of water and protection against pollution.
3. Dams and Reservoirs projects require system planning which recognizes the impact on an entire River basin and its Ecosystem.
3. Formal identification of environmental imputs during the conceptual phase of a project.
4. Rigorous Economic analyses of the benefits and costs of the a large projects.
5.Care planning and implementation
7.Monitoring of the environmental imacts of existing projects.
8. Research on Ecological aspects.
Developers of the Project or Planners need to:
Go To The People
Live With Them
Learn From Them
Work with Them
Start with What They Have
Build on What They Know
And in the End
When the Work is Done
The People will Rejoice
'We have done it Ourselves'
Adapted and Revised from Statistics Book.